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A Staggering Historical Revelation Rocks the Cunningham Origins!
Copyright Nigel Dryden Cunningham


Name Origin
King Arthur is remembered from the Gaelic version of his name which is Cion Aodha. Cionaodha is the Gaelic version of the Brythonic name Cunedda. Aodha was the ancient Celtic Sun God and God of Fire. Cion and Cun as in Cuning means “King”, and it also means “head” as in Ken and Pen. The modern form of Cunedda and Cionaodha is Kenneth. Cunedda and Cionaodha both translate as “head dragon”. Dragon is derived from Aodh, the God of Fire. Aodha with an “a” added means the son of Aodh. “Ao” is what is known as a diphthong. “dh” and “dd” as contained in Aodha and Cunedda are pronounced “th”. Aodha is therefore pronounced Arthur. The name relates to dragons not bears. The Gaelic and English versions of the name are a perfect match. Einion Yrth ap Cunedda was Uther Pendragon, the father of King Arthur. Yrth is Uther. Cunedda translates as Pendragon. Uther Pendragon had two sons, Owain Ddantgwyn and Cadwallon Lawhir. The name Cadwallon means Battle Leader and Lawhir means long hand. The Leader of Battles with the long hand was King Arthur of Mt Badon.

Two matching dynasties
The Cunedda dynasty equates to and matches the Arthurian dynasty, on a king by king basis. They are one and the same. The two dynasties are a perfect match both in terms of calendar years and equivalent names, as explained in the book.

Cunedda dynasty                                            Arthurian dynasty (see Geoffrey of Monmouth)
Cunedda Wledig aka Edern ap Padarn        Emperor Constantine 3rd
Cunedda ap Edern                                             Emperor Constans
Eternus ap Cunedda aka Emrys Wledig       Ambrosius Aurelianus
Einion Yrth ap Cunedda                                   Uther Pendragon
Cadwallon Lawhir ap Einion                           King Arthur of Mons Badonicus
Owain Ddantgwyn ap Einion                          King Arthur of Camlann
Maelgwn Gwynedd                                             Mordred

Cunedda Wledig and his son Cunedda ap Edern have been conflated in history. Edern ap Padarn was Cunedda Wledig, and it was Edern who married Gwawl verch Coel, who was the mother of the younger Cunedda, and not his spouse. This is confirmed by the Triads Ynys Prydein edited by Rachel Bromwich. This conflation of the two Cuneddas resulted in the loss of one generation in the Arthurian dynasty and in some versions of Nennius. The correct version of Nennius is the one that refers to Cunedda as Maelgwn’s great great grandfather, who is Edern ap Padarn. It is Edern ap Padarn who is Cunedda Wledig. Another version refers to Cunedda as Maelgwn’s great grandfather but four generations do not fill the 146 year time frame. The result of this is that the Arthurian dynasty is also collapsed by one generation. Geoffrey of Monmouth records Constans as an older brother of Ambrosius and Uther Pendragon but he is in fact their father. It was Edern ap Padarn who as Cunedda Wledig drove out the Irish from North Wales in 401, which was 146 years before (the end of) Maelgwn’s reign in 547. The date of 401 is supported by Prof Charles-Edwards of Oxford University. It was Cunedda Wledig (meaning Imperator) who was elevated by his army in 407 to Western Roman Emperor Constantine 3rd. The Elegy to Cunedda written by the bard Taliesin refers to him crossing the Channel and as “the man who gained sway over the habitable surface of the world.”

History by the numbers
Nennius’s dating of events is precise, consistent and correct. It all reconciles. Geoffrey of Monmouth’s account, which is undated, matches almost perfectly with Nennius’s timeframes and event sequence. There are in fact two parallel timeframes given by Nennius which are separated by 18 years. Each of the timeframes commence with the end of Constantine’s (Edern ap Padarn aka Cunedda Wledig) reign as King of Britons. His reign ended in 411 but his death (as Edern ap Padarn) is recorded in 429. Constans reigned from 412 until he was overthrown by Vortigern in 425. The alternative but incorrect timeframe is 430 until 443. In the fourth year of Vortigern’s reign the Saxons led by Hengist and Horsa came to Britain, which is in 429. The alternative year of 447 given by Nennius is wrong. Bede compounds this error by recording the year as 449. The Battle of Mt Badon was recorded by Bede as occurring 44 years after the Saxon Adventus which according to Bede would be in 493, but this date is according to the second timeframe which is out by 18 years. The correct date is therefore 475. Bede also got the 44 years wrong by using 449 instead of 447. The Battle of Mt Badon occurred in 475 (493) which is 46 years after the Saxon Adventus in 429 (447). We know that 429 is the correct year because that is the same year in which St Germanus came to Britain.

Vortigern was defeated by Ambrosius Aurelianus 12 years after Vortigern usurped the Crown, which was in 437. This dating is provided by Nennius. Ambrosius reigned as King of Britons from 437 until his death in 451, which was the year of Halley’s Comet as described by Geoffrey of Monmouth. Merlin (according to Geoffrey of Monmouth’s history book) says that the comet heralds Uther’s son, who will become Britain’s greatest leader. Ambrosius was succeeded by his brother Uther Pendragon. The following Easter (452) Uther held a great celebration, which ultimately resulted in him seducing Ygerna at Tintagel Castle one week later. Uther’s seduction of Ygerna led to the birth of King Arthur around New Year 453. This timeframe matches King Arthur with Cadwallon Lawhir, whose name means “Leader of Battles with the long hand”. King Arthur was famously referred to as the “Leader of Battles”. It was also said that 940 Saxons were killed at the Battle of Mons Badonicus by his hand alone. The Bard Taliesin confirms Cadwallon as being King Arthur when he refers to Arthur as “Hu of the expanded wings”. Hugh is a variant name of Aodha/Arthur. Expanded wings refers to Lawhir (long arms). Arthur was crowned King (Regent) at the age of 15, which event can be dated to 468. In 468/469 Riothamus campaigned in Gaul and has been identified as King Arthur by Geoffrey Ashe. Riothamus was not King Arthur but he was Uther Pendragon. Riothamus suffered a crushing defeat in Gaul. He gathered together the survivors of his army and then disappeared, according to a history written by Jordanes. He reappears in Geoffrey’s history book as Uther Pendragon “the half dead king”, which indicates that he was severely injured in the Gallic campaign but managed to return to Britain. Uther died shortly thereafter in 470. It was a young King Arthur who led the Britons to victory over the Saxons and Franks at Mons Badonicus (Mt Badon) in 475. It was Childeric the King of the Franks who was defeated by King Arthur at Mons Badonicus. Prof Charles-Edwards of Oxford University says that the area of Anglo Saxon settlement expanded up to 475. It can be concluded that King Arthurs victory at Mons Badonicus in 475 permanently stopped the territorial expansion of Anglo Saxon settlement. King Arthur (Cadwallon Lawhir) died in 517 and was succeeded by his brother Owain Ddantgwyn as King of Britons. The Battle of Camlann was recorded by the Annales Cambriae as occurring in 537, but that is according to the second timeframe which is out by 18 years. The correct year is 519. In that year Maelgwn fought and killed his uncle King Owain Ddantgwyn (his name translates as King Arthur the Lesser). Maelgwn Gwynedd the Dragon of Britain then reigned as King of Britons until his own death in 547. Guinevere (her name translates as “wife of King Arthur”) was wrongly accused in later centuries of betraying her husband King Arthur, but he had already died in 517, and all she was doing was supporting the succession of their son Maelgwn Gwynedd against his uncle the King. Maelgwn Gwynedd’s (aka Maglocunus) name translates as Cunedda ap Cunedda, which identifies his father’s (Cadwallon’s) name as Cunedda/ Cionaodha/ King Arthur. Cadwallon was a title meaning Leader of Battles.

The Cunningham Clan
Bede in his Ecclesiastical History written in 731 refers to a story about the Cunningas (Cunninghams) of the seventh century. It is clear from his account that the Cunningham district (In Cunningum) in Scotland is named after the Cunningham clan and family. The name of the district means “among the Cunninghams”. This information is confirmed by Professor Charles-Edwards of Oxford University. The Cunningham name of the seventh century matches and reconciles with the Cunedda family name of the fifth and sixth centuries, which confirms that it is almost certain that the Cunninghams are descended from Cunedda, and therefore also from King Arthur, either through direct descent from King Arthur’s progeny or otherwise through his siblings or uncles and cousins (all of whom descend from King Arthur’s grandfather Cunedda ap Edern). The last words of the last chapter of the book are “in Cunningum Cionaodha” which means “among Cunninghams King Arthur.”

Anglo Saxon Hoax
The book also uncovers the Anglo Saxon Hoax thereby providing a double whammy against the Anglo Saxonist “history” of Britain.

The Foundation Stone of Britain
Almost every page of the book contains valuable information and evidence, which it is not possible to recount in a short summary. The evidence for the true identity of King Arthur is both conclusive and overwhelming. This book restores the foundation stone of Post Roman Britain from the fifth century to the present day. It is that foundation stone on which Britain was built and still stands. It is the same foundation stone from which Britain’s Crown draws its legitimacy and power; the foundation stone on which Britain was created and constituted; the true source of the Once and Future King. Every King or Prince of Wales, and every King of Scotland was descended from King Arthur. All the Kings of Wessex and England claimed descent from Cerdic and his son Cynric. Cerdic was the fifth son of Cunedda, and the brother of Uther Pendragon. The Tudors, the Stuarts, and the present Royal family are all descended from King Arthur. The lineage and lines of descent from King Arthur are disclosed in the book.

King Arthur in Literature
King Arthur is the foundation stone of Britain’s history and also of Britain’s literature, which combined together constitutes the Matter of Britain. The historical King Arthur is the source and inspiration for the literature. The intrinsic value and the resilience of the literature is derived from its source. The literature cannot be properly understood, studied or evaluated in isolation from its true source.

Book distribution
The Book will be distributed to bookshops in Wales by the Wales Book Council. The appointment of a distributor for other parts of Britain, and for Ireland, is currently in progress. The book will be distributed to bookshops in Australia and New Zealand by Booktopia; and in South Africa by Xavier Nagel which distribution will include Exclusive Bookshops. We are currently negotiating with IPG to distribute the book to bookshops in the USA and Canada. The book will also be able to be ordered from www.asmedia.com.au once the new website is completed. The book will also be available from Amazon and other online sources in due course.

Book dimensions and RRP
The book consists of 320 pages and its dimensions are 234mm x 153mm.

RRP: Australia $45, Canada $40.50, Ireland €27.80, New Zealand $49.50, South Africa R450, UK £24.75.

Concluding comment
This is a monumental and ground breaking book which repositions, remakes and rewrites, from the ground up, all of British history (from the fifth century of King Arthur to Winston Churchill, and Queen Elizabeth in the twenty-first century). It is therefore desirable and necessary that the book is widely distributed in order to meet the widespread interest and audience which it will inevitably generate.

A Clan Cunningham Historical Introduction

Predating the 11th century, the roots of the Cunningham surname sprang from the ancient District of Cuninghame in the lowlands of Scotland covering a vast area roughly from the Clyde River in the North, southward to the city of Ayre, bordered by the Firth of Clyde to the West, eastward to Glasgow. In subsequent centuries Cunninghams have spread around the globe, settling in such diverse areas as South Africa, down under in Australia and New Zealand, all across Europe, and North & South America where we keep in constant touch with our friends, family, and members through email and our full-color quarterly international newsletter, The Cunningham Communiqué.

It is our mission to connect with our kith and kin, and share the heritage which binds together our relatives and acquaintances scattered far and wide. Some of that history defined what it meant to be a Cunningham during those 800 glory years of Scottish history when our distinguished and honourable Clan was at its peak. We also invite you to join us in our modern era as we celebrate the Glencairn legacy in activities and programs which we continually plan in America, Scotland, France and Ireland to explore, discover, and pass this on to the next generation of our extended world-wide family.

We think you will find this site to be a wonderful resource for all Cunninghams. Our website is rich with valuable information about Clan Cunningham history and genealogy. In addition, you can learn about upcoming Scottish festivals that the Clan Cunningham Society will be attending, in addition to learning more about the substantive projects Clan Cunningham Society currently has underway. A great deal more is available to Clan Cunningham Society members, so we encourage you to join today

Clan Cunningham Society of America, Inc. (CCSA) is the oldest and the largest Clan Cunningham organization in the world. For three decades Clan Cunningham Society has worked hard to preserve, discover, restore, document, and share our rich Cunningham heritage. With an ever-expanding world-wide membership of 1,175, Clan Cunningham Society continues to embark on many new programs and projects, forging ahead into the 21st century with a clear and dynamic vision to promote all the best of what it means to be a Cunningham descendent.

If you are seeking the foremost resource, and representative, for the Glencairn Earls and their direct line of successful Cunningham chiefs who brought honor, esteem and prestige to that name for eight centuries in Scotland, you have come to the right place. As the leader of our society, who takes our noble ancestor's legacy seriously, I place a high value on integrity and accomplishment, holding myself and our society to high standards. We "aim high," aspiring to emmulate the honor of the Glencairn line in all our affairs. We strive for excellence with the passion of our race, such pursuits being their own reward.

We welcome you to join Clan Cunningham and be a part of the exciting

Clan Cunningham Society has the distinction of being the only Clan Cunningham organization in America formed upon the advice and blessing of the Office of the Lord Lyon King of Arms in Scotland. This honor was extended to Clan Cunningham Society in 1984 and it was upon the recommendation of the Lord Lyon's Office that we adopted our name "Clan Cunningham Society of America." CCSA is non-political, non-sectarian and operates as a nonprofit corporation.

Access to Clan Cunningham Society's Genealogy Database
Access to Clan Cunningham Society's Members Only Site
Quarterly Newsletter, the Cunningham Communiqué
Announcements of Clan-Related Trips and Events in Scotland
Membership Discounts on Clan Cunningham Apparrel and Merchandise
Information About Regional Scottish Festivals and Events Clan Cunningham Society Attends
Use of Clan Hospitality Tent at Scottish Festivals
Clan Cunningham Genealogy Resources and Services
& Much Much More

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    Clan Cunningham Society News


    Our July 15, 2020 quarterly Clan Cunningham Communiqué newsletter has been delivered to our current members world-wide to include Norway, France, South Africa, Scotland, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, among others; and of course the US of A.

    A warm Clan Cunningham welcome goes out to our latest members on January 2, Michael and Terry Manning of Colorado, and lifetime member Katie, with McKinley, and Ryan Mandle of South Dakota; on January 22, Erin Helms of New York; and on January 29, Kyle, Courtney, Philippa, and Wakely Boren of Tennessee; in February: from November 13, 2019, Howard and Paula Shouffler of West Virginia; on Febuary 4, lifetime member Brenda Williams of Florida; and on February 10, Katelyn Cunningham O'Burke of California; in March: on the 26th, Janet Bell of Colorado; in April: on the 1st, Teresa and Gregory Hathaway of West Virginia; on the 5th, Tim and Cindy Abdon of Oklahoma, on the 28th, David and Anne Taft from Maine, and on the 29th, William, Desiree and their son William from Pennsylvania; in May: on the 23rd, LeAnn Cunningham from Kansas, and also Ian and Felicia Cunningham from Pennsylvania, and on the 25th Elizabeth Cunningham from South Carolina; in July: Amy Cunningham from Florida on the 3rd; and Cynthia and Timothy Samson from Wisconsin on the 6th; in August: William and Charlotte Cunningham from Kentucky on the 9th; and Buster Taylor from Mississippi on the 10th; in September so far: Richard and Charlotte Cunningham from North Carolina on the 2nd; Graeme and Denice Murphy from Springdale Heights NSW Australia on the 6th and Margi and Mark Cowells from Indiana on the 19th! Thank you all for your interest in, and your support of the Clan Cunningham Society 'of America' and all our Cunningham members around the entire globe since 1984!  


    Our October 15, 2019 quarterly Clan Cunningham Communiqué newsletter went out to our current members world-wide to include Norway, France, South Africa, Scotland, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, among other countries; and of course the US of A.

    A warm Clan Cunningham welcome goes out to our latest members on February 6, Nancy and Michael Poe of Florida and February 16, Chris and Helen Cunningham of Shallow Lake, Ontario, Canada; in March we have six new members to whom we pass along a warm Cunningham welcome: Neil Davis, John & Sharon Cunningham, David Hemphill, Michele Butler, Nici Mahlandt and Lee Baker; in April we welcomed new members Michaele and William Swiderski, in May Celinda and Robert Current, in June Peter Elza, in July Ryan and Ashley Cunningham and their three children, in August John Cunningham from Alabama, Greg Cunningham of Virginia as our latest Lifetime Member, Daniel and Pamela Cunningham of South Carolina and in September so far Jessa and Chris Pocoroba along with their three children from California, and Ragan Cunningham from Vermont!  


    The July 15, 2019 newsletter went out for the 74th consecutive issue in a row, published and mailed to our current members world-wide; with our October issue already in the works!


    The July issue of our quarterly Clan Cunningham Communiqué newsletter went out to our worldwide members for the 74th consecutive issue in a row beginning in April 2001!

    It has featured the most comprehensive, in-depth research and analysis on the historical, genealogical, and ancient origins and evolution of the Cunningham name and clan by Dr. Derek Cunningham for six years. Included below are two excerps from the Oct 2016 issue revealing a glimpse of the groundbreaking discoveries he has uncovered; including his subsequent analytical postulations to be logically drawn from them: 

    "Here I always thought that the high station of King Malcolm Canmore's children appeared entirely at odds with standard English historical interpretations of the Scottish kings, who are generally considered insignificant in European history. So I quickly realized that to solve Clan Cunningham's history I would have to rewrite 11th century history, and that is what I will now do by simply using the coat of arms of ..." 

     "Now at this point, I want to point out an intriquing and largely unexplained part of European history, and that is, why King Malcolm's daughters were so sought after by the most powerful families in mainland Europe." 

    These recent revelations will arrive in our members postal mail during the next few days. If you wish to renew your memberships - or wish to receive our October issue through a new membership - simply click on this link and submit your request on our Membership page through PayPal or via snail mail.

    [MEMBERS: Due to space limitations in the October 2016 newsletter, no "2017 Membership Renewal Form" was included in that issue. Please mail your checks or use the PayPal "link" in the paragraph immediately above for your 2017 renewals. Thank you!]


    Clan Cunningham completed a major technical achievement on August 20, by transferring its Clan Cunningham Global web site to our new virtual server on the Cloud.

    On August 22, our advanced Clan Cunningham web site - where you are currently browsing - was also brought online on our Cloud server managed exclusive by Clan Cunningham.

    And on August 28, our online genealogical database was made available on the Cloud 24/7 for the convenience of our current dues-paying members of Clan Cunningham with 25,839 Clan Cunningham genealogical entries which was originally conceived, designed, and implemented by two of our Cunningham members back in 2003.

    We thank our current members for their loyal support which has enabled Clan Cunningham under the dedicated leadership of our High Commissioner and Chairman, Larry Augsbury, since 2001, to consistently and reliably continue to pursue its commitment of excellence in service to our world-wide members and to the distinguished legacy of the Cunningham Clan.


    The dormant Earldom of Glencairn, but NEW  Cunningham Chief! 

    Triennial General Membership meeting, Friday evening, May 28, 2010, in conjunction with the Greenville, SC Festival - including festival photos

    2010 Tartan Day Commemoration in France


    US Olympic Curling Trials, February 28, 2009 in Broomfield Colorado

    2009 Colorado Tartan Day CCSA Kilted/Tartan Ski Day on April 4th

    Homecoming Scotland 2009 - MAUCHLINE

    Announcing the CLAN CUNNINGHAM TOUR of historical
    Clan Cunningham sites in France and Ireland in 2009


    CCSA High Commissioner-Larry Augsbury (left) and CCSA member, artist, and sculptor extroidinaire-Lynn Forest Cunningham.
    Lynn Forest Cunningham, Artist - Sculptor Extraordinaire!

    Lynn F. Cunningham III has been an artist as long as anyone can remember. His father Lynn is the CCSA Wyoming State Commissioner who has also co-hosted Cunningham hospitality tents across Colorado since 1999. Thus named, his son often goes by his middle name Forest to avoid confusion. Born and raised in Cheyenne, Wyoming, Forest resides in the family cabin nestled at 9,000 feet elevation in the Snowy Range chain of mountains of South-Eastern Wyoming.
    Forest recounts from the 2007 Longs Peak Scottish Festival in Estes Park, CO, "My father and I had to chuckle one day when Larry turned to me and queried, 'So Forest, do you know anybody who's good with a chain saw?" And thus the seed of the Rampant Unicorn sculpture from the trunk of a giant Cottonwood tree in Larry's front yard was germinated. Shown here, at left, on the summer solstice, June 20, 2008, is Forest and Lorcàn le Rouge at project completion.
    Forest, his work, and the progress through completion of the unicorn project "Lorcàn le Rouge" ('Lorcàn' is Gaelic for fierce - and 'le Rouge' is French for 'the Red' ~ thus, Lorcàn the Red) will be featured in the July 15th Communiqué, CCSA's newsletter! For more information you can reach Forest in Wyoming at (307) 742-7426.


    CLICK HERE for the full image.
    Longs Peak Festival Clans Coordinator, Kent Woodward, presents the Clan Champion trophy to our High Commissioner of Clan Cunningham, Larry Augsbury. Left to right: Val and Chris Cunningham, Kent Woodward, (Lynn) Forest Cunningham, Larry Augsbury-High Commissioner, and Lynn Cunningham-Wyoming Commissioner.

    Come and visit our Clan Cunningham hospitality tent at a festival in your area. To see if we are in your area this year, check our festival listings on our FESTIVALS page under the ABOUT CCSA menu tab above. If we're not in your area, would you like to host?


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    First Clan Cunningham Gathering In Scotland In Over 250 Years

    Members of Clan Cunningham Society from the U.S., Scotland and France gathered together with their British cousins from the newly formed Society of the Earl of Glencairn of Cunningham at Balgonie Castle, Thanksgiving Day, November 27, 2003 to celebrate the ties that bind this ancient Clan of Scots together.  

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    © 2003 Clan Cunningham Society of America, Inc. All Rights Reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted by any means electronic or mechanical, including photocopying and recording, for any Personal or Commercial use without the expressed written permission of Larry A. Augsbury, High Commissioner & Chairman of the Clan Cunningham Society, Inc.